New Orleans Louisiana History
The New Orleans Superdome, which housed the New Orleans Saints and was to house survivors of Hurricane Katrina, opened on September 11, 2005 with a grand opening ceremony at the Louisiana State Capitol. It was held in front of a crowd of more than 100,000 people, many of whom showed up in full uniform to publicly show their support for Katrina survivors for the first time. There is no doubt that nothing happened here after Katrina, except the opening of the new town hall and a few hundred people in uniform.
The history of New Orleans begins with the Chitimacha Indians, who have been settling in the area for several hundred years. While other areas of what is now Louisiana were inhabited by other tribes, such as the Choctaw, the French and the Spanish, New Orleans, located south of the Mississippi in the south-central part of Louisiana, was originally the "ChitIMacha" and its history began with it. French nation in a program that nearly drove them into bankruptcy, but by 1723 had replaced Biloxi as the capital and territory of Louisiana. Outside of New York City, population growth was rapid due to its proximity to the Gulf of Mexico, as were the populations of other cities in Louisiana and Mississippi, particularly St. Louis County, Louisiana. Outside of that period, the colonial administration of Louisiana fell largely to an eleven-day St. Louis County in the north to the present-day Ascension Park in the south along the Mississippi River, along with several other towns and villages.
New suburbs grew, and the Port of New Orleans was taken over by the city of St. Louis County, Louisiana, and its neighboring towns and villages in the 1870s. Today, Basin Street Station serves as the city's official welcome center and was once a historic touchstone reminiscent of the former New Orleans intersection, once serving as the port's main gateway to New York City.
The French saw Louisiana and the Mississippi Valley as an important economic and cultural center for their colonies in the south, and so saw the opportunity to invest large sums in Louisiana in a short period between 1716 and 1722, when New Orleans was founded. The colony's new owners included a complex network of plantations along the Mississippi River, each named after a different part of the state, such as St. Louis County, Louisiana's capital.
In 1762, New Orleans and Louisiana west of the Mississippi were transferred to Spain, and the following year, the entire Louisiana colony, including New York City, St. Louis, Baton Rouge, and Lafayette, was ceded to Britain. Dissatisfied with the behavior of some Americans in New Louisiana during the French Empire's conquest of Europe in the Caribbean, which raised the prospect of a long-term relationship between the United States and France, Napoleon sold all of Louisiana (including New Paris) and its capital to the United States. French territory east of Mississippi (including Canada) was transferred from Spain in 1762, but the Spanish surrendered Louisiana to France, only to have Napoleon sell it back to them in a $15 million Louisiana purchase that was completed on December 20, 1803. Napoleon tried to restore the French Empire in Louisiana by taking control of New Louisiana from France in 1802 and, until 1804, of all French territories in North America, except Louisiana, after taking control of it from Spain. Dissatisfied with the behavior of Americans in New Orleans, they suspended the goods deposited there several times, such as the sale of gold and silver and other commodities.
In the Treaty of Paris in 1763, Spain received New Orleans, St. Louis, Baton Rouge and Lafayette, as well as the city of New York City from France. In exchange for separating from its unprofitable port, France agreed to cede Louisiana to Spain in exchange for the French Empire's removal from the Caribbean. After Napoleon's victory in the Spanish Civil War in 1804, New Louisiana was ceded to the Spanish Empire and remained under Spanish control until 1806, when it fell back to France until Napoleon sold it to the United States in 1803 as part of a Louisiana purchase.
During this short period of history, the Spanish were responsible for making New Orleans the thriving port city it is today. After the French Civil War in 1804, formal control of New Louisiana changed hands again, this time to the United States of America and again to Spain.
After its founding in 1718, the Haitian Revolution brought an influx of French-speaking immigrants to New Orleans, followed by the French Civil War in 1804 and the American Revolution in 1861. French colonists celebrated Mardi Gras with costumes and balls, but the Creole elite lost its prominence as New York City and its immigrant-origin neighborhoods diversified. In the nineteenth century, things had changed in New Louisiana, and things were changing in the rapidly industrialized city of the same name: French teaching in schools had faded, and a new generation of immigrants from the Caribbean, Africa, and South America had arrived.